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Framing Common Roofscapes
Hipped Ends - 'Flying Rafter'

Of the many types of hip systems this one has an obvious manufacturing advantage: There is only one basic hip truss profile. All the hip trusses, including those forming the girder truss are identical; and the mono-pitch trusses supported off the girder have the same profile as the sloped part of the hip trusses, which speeds up fabrication and reduces the overall
cost of the hip system.

The rafters of the mono-pitched trusses and/or hip trusses are extended and are site cut to fit against the upper hip board. Off-cuts may be required to be nailed in position to the rafters of the hip trusses. For the longer rafters props may be required to run down to the trusses underneath.

The flat parts of the top chords of the hip trusses and girder must be securely braced together to ensure stability. 

The hip corner may be constructed from prefabricated rafter/joist components commonly called Open Jacks or all the corner can be framed with loose rafters, joists and hipboards on site. The hip board is notched over the girder truss and supported off ledgers at the apex of the hip.

This system offers the advantage of continuous rafters and thus easily constructed smooth roof slopes.
Typical spans using this construction with one primary multi-ply hip girder
is 5 - 9.6 metres. Larger spans, up to 13.2 metres, may be accommodated by the use of intermediate girders between the main girder carrying the mono-pitch trusses and the hip apex. It is possible to construct several types of hip end using the 'Flying Rafter' concept, or indeed, to combine the 'Step-down' concept within the hip trusses with the 'Flying Rafters' on the hip end mono-pitch trusses. Please contact your truss supplier if you have a preference for a particular method of construction, as the MiTek design system can encompass any method.